Bamyan in afghanistan predating european

The Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Xuanzang passed through the area around 630, and described Bamiyan in the Da Tang Xiyu Ji as a flourishing Buddhist center "with more than ten monasteries and more than a thousand monks".He also noted that both Buddha figures were "decorated with gold and fine jewels" (Wriggins, 1995).You can't knock down the statues by shelling as both are carved into a cliff; they are firmly attached to the mountain." Later, the Taliban placed anti-tank mines at the bottom of the niches, so that when fragments of rock broke off from artillery fire, the statues would receive additional destruction from particles that set off the mines.In the end, the Taliban lowered men down the cliff face and placed explosives into holes in the Buddhas.The larger figure was also said to portray Dīpankara Buddha.They were perhaps the most famous cultural landmarks of the region, and the site was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site along with the surrounding cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley.

It was a Buddhist religious site from the 2nd century up to the time of the Islamic invasion in the 9th century.

The smaller of the statues was built between 544 and 595, the larger was built between 591 and 644.

They are believed to have been built by the Kushans, with the guidance of local Buddhist monks, at the heyday of their empire.

The destruction of the Bamyan Buddhas became a symbol of oppression and a rallying point for the freedom of religious expression.

Despite the fact that most Afghans are now Muslim, they too had embraced their past and many were appalled by the destruction.

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The rows of holes that can be seen in photographs were spaces that held wooden pegs which served to stabilize the outer stucco.

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