Adverse health teen dating violence
For males, no health differences were observed for those experiencing physical/sexual dating violence compared to those who did not.Compared to non-exposed males, males with non-physical dating violence only were at increased risk of smoking (PR = 3.91) and disordered eating (fasting, using diet aids, vomiting, PR = 2.93).This chapter provides an overview of bullying dynamics manifested in teen dating violence (TDV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) between married, cohabitating, or dating adult partners.An overview of TDV and IPV are provided including definitions, prevalence rates, causes, and consequences.Despite the strengths of the Exner-Cortens’ study (longitudinal design, large sample affording a separate assessment of how violence types impacted health outcomes) , the violence assessment was limited.
The American Academy of Pediatrics is an organization of 60,000 primary care pediatricians, pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists dedicated to the health, safety and well-being of infants, children, adolescents and young adults.
Many researchers do not include TDV or IPV in their definition of bullying; however, we apply the lens of the bullying dynamic to broaden the understanding of perpetration and victimization in close relationships.
Many couples experience power imbalances and repeated aggression with intent to harm in overt or covert ways.
However, the experience of non-physical victimization only (in the absence of physical/sexual abuse) is also associated with adverse mental health in adult women and men [23–26].
For example, in Bonomi’s study of 3,429 women ages 18 to 64, women who experienced recent non-physical intimate partner violence only had significantly lower vitality and social functioning, and were more likely to have minor or severe depressive symptoms compared to non-abused women .