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Increasingly, researchers have employed prospective, longitudinal research designs to identify risk and protective factors predicting long-term developmental patterns in IPV perpetration and victimization (see Costa et al., 2015 for a review).
Second, prior research has explored limited explanations for this continuity outside of childhood risk factors and partner differences (i.e.
Data from the Rochester Youth Development Study were used to explore these questions through negative binomial regression.
Dating violence was statistically significantly related to an increase of adult IPV.
Results confirm significant continuity between dating violence and IPV and that support from peers and family, parenting-related support, parental reports of attachment, protect an individual from continuing to engage in intimate partner violence throughout adulthood.
Caetano, 2005; O’Leary et al., 1989; Schumacher and Leonard, 2005), as well as across different relationships (e.g. Despite continuity, many individuals desist from IPV as they mature into adulthood.
relationship characteristics), with fewer studies exploring protective factors.
In a review of 20 studies, Vagi and colleagues (2013) identified only three studies that explored the role of protective factors, finding that collectively research has identified 53 risk factors and only 6 protective factors linked to IPV.
In the current study, we explored whether early adult dating violence (approximately age 20) increases later adult intimate partner violence (approximately ages 29 and 31) and whether family, peer, and parenting-related support and attachment ameliorate this relationship.
We hypothesize that: To address these questions, we draw on prospective, longitudinal data from the Rochester Youth Development Study (RYDS).
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Results confirm significant continuity between dating violence and IPV and that support from peers and family, parenting-related support and parental reports of attachment protect an individual from continuing to engage in intimate partner violence throughout adulthood.